The Modernizing Regulation of the Legal Profession Act, which amends a number of sections of the Law Society Act as well as the Solicitors Act, passed third reading yesterday afternoon.
The legislation will:
- Create a new body called the law society tribunal, incorporating the appeals division and hearing panel, overseen by a full-time, non-bencher, lawyer chair.
- Increase the number of paralegal benchers from two to five.
- Align legislation with current practice by providing that paralegals may charge for providing legal services.
- Allow the law society to suspend a lawyer or paralegal’s licence for failure to pay legal costs related to a discipline hearing.
- Clarify that the law society can receive solicitor-client privileged information from any person, such as a client, and introduce such information in proceedings while protecting that privilege.
“Passage of this legislation represents a significant milestone in the regulation and development of Ontario's growing paralegal profession," says Treasurer Thomas G. Conway. "Ultimately, these and other amendments included in the legislation will help pave the way for more effective and accessible legal services in Ontario.”
“We’re very happy,” says Paralegal Society of Ontario president John Tzanis.
“I don’t think there have been many [Convocation] votes where five people made a difference,” he admits. “But there are now five people who can negotiate better and talk to the other benchers, to work together and try to look at things from a paralegal perspective.”
Cathy Corsetti, chairwoman of the law society’s paralegal standing committee, agrees the act will not necessarily change the outcome of decisions. After all, paralegals will still be outnumbered by the 40 lawyers on the bench.
But the development means “we’re part of the process,” she says, adding: “It was nothing short of a miracle to get it passed by the [minority] government we have today.”
Bill 111 was introduced Oct. 1 and passed just two days before Queen’s Park closes for Christmas recess.
The time-sensitive nature of the legislation was repeatedly referred to by MPPs during the debates.
The amendment to increase the number of paralegal benchers had to be in effect by Dec. 31, to be in place before the March 2014 paralegal elections, Liberal MPP Bob Delaney warned during second reading on Dec. 3.
Commenting yesterday, Attorney General John Garretson said: “Passage of this new law will benefit legal professionals and the public they serve by allowing the Law Society of Upper Canada to develop stronger processes to ensure the delivery of more effective and efficient legal services in Ontario.”
Corsetti and Tzanis have a long list of additional measures they would like to see, many of which involve ensuring legislation refers to “licensees” instead of “lawyers.”
For example, the Collection Agencies Act exempts lawyers but not paralegals, making paralegals potentially liable for fines, says Tzanis.
But both see Bill 111 as a significant step in the right direction.
Tzanis says: “We’re making inroads with our relationship with lawyers. We’re trying to build bridges and not go in there with a very aggressive approach.
“We’re all there to provide access to justice. If we all agree that’s what we’re doing, it’s just the details that need to be worked out.”
Ontario was the first jurisdiction in North America to regulate paralegals when the Access to Justice Act came into force in 2007.
It is still the only Canadian province to regulate paralegals, of which more than 5,500 are registered with the law society.