A spokeswoman for Dentons said partnerships of both firms had approved the deal and China’s Ministry of Justice was expected to sign off on the combination as early as Monday.
The combined firm will count 6,600 lawyers in 120 offices in 50 countries — including 554 lawyers and professionals in six offices in Canada. Dacheng, founded in Beijing in 1992, is already China’s largest firm with more than 4,000 lawyers.
Dentons is the product of successive international mergers involving British firm Denton Wilde Sapte, Chicago’s Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal, French firm Salans and Canada’s Fraser Milner Casgrain. The firm handles mainly mid-market deals. The notable transactions listed on its web site over the past few months show a particular strength in Eastern European real estate deals, where it has advised clients like Skanska Property Poland and Starwood Capital.
Elliott Portnoy, Dentons global chief executive officer, said the firm aimed to provide service to clients more deeply in China than any of its international competitors. Portnoy said it “can provide Chinese businesses with global ambitions and international clients with interests inside China a reach and depth that simply can’t be found elsewhere.”
Canada chief executive officer Chris Pinnington said: “Dentons’ opportunities and capabilities to serve our Canadian and international clients are fundamentally enhanced through this historic union. With China as Canada’s second-largest trading partner and increasing investment flows between our economies, our ability to provide leading local expertise and deep understanding of the market in all of the key and emerging commercial centres of China will add significant value to our clients.
“Close collaboration with our new colleagues in China combined with Dentons’ deep understanding and engagement in key sectors of the Canadian economy — including energy; mining; financial services; construction, P3 and infrastructure; real estate; and technology, media and telecommunications — will greatly strengthen our ability to serve clients who are involved in the Canadian economy wherever they may be,” he added.
Dentons operates as a Swiss verein, meaning it comprises several legally and financially separate partnerships operating under a common brand. Dacheng will also remain a separate entity within the combined firm’s verein.
That structure is necessary because foreign firms are not permitted to practise Chinese law. The 2012 merger between China’s King & Wood and Australia’s Mallesons Stephen Jaques was similarly structured as a verein. The overall wisdom of that merger is still subject to debate almost three years later, but it has been well received in China itself.
The practice ban notwithstanding, many foreign firms with offices in China, including Dentons, have for decades taken advantage of a loophole that allows them to advise multinational clients on “the Chinese legal environment,” meaning they can handle a wide variety of domestic matters short of appearing in court or signing official documents.
But in recent years, stung by intense price competition for such “inbound” work, such firms have increasingly sought to advise Chinese companies investing overseas.
The representations listed on Dacheng’s web site for December are largely on behalf of state-owned enterprises, including BAIC Motor Corp, Shandong Hengyuan Waste Utilization Technology Co Ltd., and the China Development Bank.
Lawyers at other Chinese firms said it would not be straightforward to translate Dacheng’s client list into outbound deals for Dentons. On the biggest deals, Chinese SOEs have shown a preference for top-tier New York or London firms, among which Dentons is not usually counted. For example, when state oil giant CNOOC Ltd. acquired Canadian energy company Nexen Inc. in 2012, it used elite New York firm Davis Polk & Wardwell.
A more direct obstacle to internal referrals could be the prevailing culture at Chinese law firms, where there is typically little centralized management and partners compete with each other for business more than they co-operate.
Then, one of Chinese firms’ strongest motivation in entering into tie-ups with their Western counterparts is the prospect of learning and assimilating Western firm management practices and technology. The more “international” look appeals to clients too.
“Chinese clients do view these moves positively,” said Victor Wang, a partner with Allbright Law Offices in Shanghai who thinks this latest tie-up will shake things up among Chinese firms. “I think a lot of firms here are now asking what they should be doing.”